The Spring River Basin is located in southwest Missouri, southeast Kansas, and northwest Oklahoma. It stretches through 9 counties in the area. The basin lies along the border between the Osage Plains and Springfield Plateau physiographic regions.
The Spring River Basin is essentially rural, and land use varies across the basin as a reflection of the transitional nature of its topography and relief. Forest lands are scattered; many are located along stream drainages. Mining has been an important part of the area’s economy since the 1850s and remnants of this can still be seen today. The total mileage of streams with permanent flow is 331 miles.
Eighty-six fish species and thirty-five mussel species have been collected in the basin. Common sport fish include smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, spotted bass, white crappie, rock bass, channel catfish, and rainbow trout. There are several state or federally listed threatened and endangered species, including the Ozark cavefish, Neosho madtom, redfin darter, Arkansas darter, western fanshell, Neosho mucket, bluntface shiner, and western slim minnow.
Source: Lisa K. Kiner, Chris Vitello, and Kara Hash, Missouri Department of Conservation